The most common type of cancer among Americans is skin cancer, with melanoma being the deadliest. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun, tanning beds, and sunlamps are the leading causes of melanoma. In 2013 the American Cancer Society did a study that revealed almost 77,000 Americans have skin cancer, with 60% of those people being men. Are there any sign can be observed? Such questions can be frequently asked. Here the article will give you perfect help about that. Read on to find these answers!
Does Skin Cancer Itch?
An itchy mole may be an aggressive sign indicating that you have skin cancer. Meanwhile, there are some other factor such as laundry detergents you are using, fragrances, and other products that may be causing itchiness on your skin.
If the mole has suddenly become itchy or changed in its appearance, then you need to speak with your doctor and have it checked. Here are 5 standards you can refer when checking your skin symptoms.
Five Standards to Check
Commonly, there are 5 self-check rules you can take as a reference—ABCDE, and you will have a general idea for when to see a doctor.
- A refers to Asymmetry: If a mole or freckle is asymmetrical (not the same on both sides), then you may have skin cancer.
- B refers to Border: An uneven, jagged, or blurry border around a mole or freckle may be an indication of melanoma.
- C refers to Color: Moles and freckles should be one solid color. They may be cancerous if they vary in color or shade.
- D refers to Diameter: Normal moles are smaller than a pencil eraser; if it is larger than that, you need to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Especially if it varies in color, shade, and is asymmetrical.
- E refers to Evolution: If you notice any change in the symmetry, border, color, or diameter then it is time to have it tested by a doctor.
To summarize, asymmetry, uneven or jagged borders, multiple colorations, larger than 6mm (equal to ¼ inch), and any changes that may have occurred recently should be paid more attention, and a medical visit is recommended.
Common Symptoms Related with Specific Types of Skin Cancer
Aside from knowing the answer to does skin cancer itch, some other symptoms should also be kept in mind so that you can have a better knowledge of some other common symptoms of skin cancer.
Melanoma refers to a cancerous growth that may appear anywhere on your skin. Most of the time, it occurs on the face or torso in men, while it is mostly on the lower legs in women. Those with darker complexions also run higher risk of developing melanoma on the palms of their hands and the soles of their feet as well.
Melanoma may itch as well as showing other signs and symptoms. Some of the most noticeable symptoms include large brown spots with freckles, moles which are sensitive or bleed, small lesions bordered by red, white, blue, or blue-black coloration, and darker lesions on your hands and feet or in your orifices.
2. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
Most commonly, BCC will develop on your neck or face. It is distinguishable by its pearly, waxy bumps or its flat, brown, blue or black lesions.
3. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
SCC develops on the areas of your body which have received higher levels of ultraviolet light exposure. These areas may include your face, lips and back. It is identifiable by the rough, scaly, lumpy lesions or lesions which are flat and bleed easily. SCC will spread more than basal cell carcinoma.
4 Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC)
One of the more rarely diagnosed skin cancers, also known as neuroendocrine carcinoma, is market cell carcinoma. MCC is identified by lesions on your face, head, or neck, which appear to be either flesh-colored or the color of a bruise.
5. Kaposi Sarcoma (KS)
It is hard to recognize KS, because the lesions appear in less viewable places such as your mouth and nose or under your skin. Look like red or purple in color, the lesion is made up of both blood cells and cancer cells, causing painful sensation. It is most commonly associated with AIDS and HIV; however, recent studies have shown that it can be caused by other infections.
How to Prevent Skin Cancer
Aside from the question, does skin cancer itch, it is more important to know how to prevent skin issues. You can prevent about 90% of non-melanoma skin cancer. Most of the other types of skin cancer are caused by prolonged exposure to sunlight. So, one of the best preventive measures to take is to apply sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher before spending a long period of time in the sun to avoid burning. Along with sunscreen, there are other precautions you can take to help prevent skin cancer:
- Stay in shades. When the sun is highest, try to stay in the shade. And help protect your infants by keeping them in shade at all times.
- Apply sunscreen rightly. Just follow the instructions on the bottle. Remember to smear the sunscreen for about 1 oz. (equal to 2 tablespoon) all over the body 30 mins ahead of going out, and supplement every 2 hours or after draining too much sweat or swimming.
- Use clothing such as long sleeve shirts, pants, and hats to cover your skin if you plan on spending an extremely long period out in the sun.
- Regularly check your skin for any signs of skin cancer to catch it early. Keep your regularly schedule appointments with your doctor.