Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes is a disease associated with high blood sugar levels.In this metabolic disease, the body is unable to convert excessive sugar found in blood to its storage form, which leads to other pathologies.
There are two kinds of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2diabetes. In type I diabetes, the body is unable to produce sufficient quantities of this vital hypoglycemic hormone—insulin. The second type is more prevalentand is mainly caused by the acquired tissue resistance of tissues to the peripheral action of insulin. This reduces the tissue uptake of glucose and leads to hyperglycemia.
Symptoms of Diabetes in Men
Symptoms of diabetes (or hyperglycemia) in men are:
1. Increased Urination and Thirst
As a rule, any increase in solute can raise the filtration rate of kidneys, hence the amount of urine produced. Similarly, when sugar levels increase in blood, kidney starts loosing excessive water because of increase in filtration rate and osmotic diuresis. This mechanism may present as frequent urination and consequently body becomes dehydrated, which in turn increases thirst.
2. Lethargy and Weight Loss
Glucose serves as the primary source of energy in our body. Whereas in diabetes, glucose cannot be utilized by the body as most of it is discarded due to the body’s inability to convert it. As a result, the person feels more lethargic and may lose substantial amount of body weight (especially in the early course of the illness).
3. Increased Appetite
To utilize the extra sugar in blood, our body produces excessive insulin, which can cause hunger. As a result, diabetics often feel hungry and their appetite increases significantly without substantial changes in the amount of physical activity. This can cause weight changes in some patients, but in most cases patient persistently lose weight.
4. Impaired Immunity and Wound Healing
Diabetes decreases the body’s ability to heal quickly and makes a person more prone to developing recurrent episodes of infections.
5. Damaged Vision
High levels of sugar in blood can lead to damage to blood vessels. When this damage occurs to the retinal vessels (retinal vessels are found in the eyes), the resultant effect is referred to as ‘retinal neuropathy’, which can lead to vision impairments and loss of sight if left untreated.
6. Erectile Dysfunction
High blood glucose levels can induce damage to the nerves and blood vessels of penis. This will lead to erectile dysfunction as the disease progresses.
Some individuals can develop other symptoms like persistent headache, dark patches on the neck, dry mouth and swollen gums.
Treatment of Diabetes in Men
Over the past few years, extensive research and clinical investigation has been carried out by investigators. Although, today there are many pharmacological options to manage diabetes and blood sugar levels, healthcare providers suggest that calorie control with strict prevention and caution in lifestyle is the mainstay of diabetes treatment. Some individuals may just need to refrain from certain kinds of food, or add regular exercise to their routine to control their blood sugar levels.
Medications and Insulin
Yet, others may need drugs to help control diabetes. These drugs are sometimes coupled with insulin, which is taken intravenously or via an inhaler.Insulin is a hormone that is secreted naturally by the endocrine gland (the pancreas) of your body in response to high blood glucose concentration. The primary function of insulin is to act as a hypoglycemic hormone by converting excessive dietary glucose to its polymeric form (i.e. storage form by promoting the peripheral tissue uptake and utilization of glucose).
Here are some useful home remedies to aid your treatment.
- Educate yourself about diabetes as much as possible. This is very helpful in dealing with the disease itself, asking your doctor the right questions and knowing the dos and don'ts of diabetes.
- Maintain a healthy diet. Whether you are at a risk of having diabetes or are already diagnosed with this illness, maintaining your weight in the prescribed range is essential. Ask your doctor about the ideal weight you should have, and keep a strict check on your diet and physical activity to prevent any potential complications regarding diabetes.
- Do physical exercise.Studies have shown that maintaining healthy weight can help prevent type 2 diabetes. In addition, proper weight maintenance can aid diabetics in controlling blood sugar levels. Adopt a habit of exercising for at least 30 minutes a day, if walking and treadmills are too tedious for you, take up dancing, aerobics or swimming as creative alternatives.
Prevention of Diabetes in Men
Diabetes can be prevented in even the most genetically susceptible individuals with proper strategies as suggested by several clinical and research studies. However, such an effect can ONLY be achieved with strict control of diet and maintenance of a healthy life style.
- Many studies indicate that type 2 diabetes in men can be prevented with regular physical exercise and intake of proper food.
- Avoiding salt, alcohol and working your body everyday will balance the excess of sugar in your body and boost the body functions. As a result, many side effects of diabetes, such as lethargy and weight loss can be prevented.
- Also keeping up a healthy life style will delay many symptoms of diabetes, such as retinopathy and erectile dysfunction. According to one study, losing 15 pounds of weight can decrease the chances of diabetes by more than 50%. Diabetes may be an untreatable disease in general, but is certainly preventable with the right education and lifestyle regimen.